Townships are basic entities of the State’s territorial organization and they are immediate directions of civic participation in public matters that manage with autonomy and make the typical interests pertinent to the community official.
For the efficacy of the autonomy guaranteed to the local entities, the State and the autonomous community, regulator of the different sections of public action, according to the constitutional distribution of competences, must assure to the townships, the provinces and the islands, their right to participate in the issues that affect directly to the circle of their interests, attributing them the proper competences about attention to the characteristics of public activity and the management capacity of the local entity, according to the principles of decentralization and maximum proximity of the administrative management to the citizens.
The basic laws of the State planned constitutionally, must determine the competences that themselves would attribute or that, in any case, should respond to the local entities in the subjects they regulate.
In their role of public Administrations of territorial nature, and within the sphere of their competences, they respond in any case to the townships, the provinces and the islands:
⇒ The authorities of regulation and self organization.
⇒ The fiscal and financial authorities.
⇒ The authorities of programming or planning.
⇒ The authorities of expropriation and investigation, delimitation and service recuperation of its goods.
⇒ The presumption of legitimacy and the execution of its actions.
⇒ The authorities of forced execution and penalizing.
⇒ The authority of service revision of its actions and agreements.
The preference and priority and the rest of prerogatives recognized to the Public Finance for credits of itself, without prejudice to which those that correspond to the Public Finance of the State and the autonomous regions; as well as the non seizable of its goods and rights in the planned terms in the laws.
For the compliance of their purposes and in the area of their respective competences, the local Entities, according to the Constitution and the laws, will have full legal capacity in order to acquire, to possess, to reclaim, to permute, to tax, or to alienate any kind of good, to celebrate a contract, to establish and to make use of deeds or public services, to bring the established action and to exercise the actions planned in the laws.
The local entities serve objectively the public interests which are entrusted to them and they act according to the principles of efficacy, decentralization, distraction and coordination, with full submission to the Law and the Right to Justice.
The Courts apply the control of the legality between the agreements and the acts of the local entities.
The proper competences are executed under autonomy arrangements and under their own responsibility, dealing with the proper coordination in their programming and execution with the rest of Public Administrations.
The competences attributed are executed in terms of the delegation, which can foresee techniques of directions and control of opportunity that, in any case, must respect the authority of self organization of the services of the local entity.
The local Administration and the rest of Public Administrations will adjust their mutual relations to the duty of mutual information, collaboration, coordination and in relation to the respective competent fields.
The coordination of the competences of the local entities will proceed between themselves and, specially, with the rest of the Public Administrations, when the activities or the local services go beyond the own interest of the corresponding entities, happen or determine relevantly those of the Administrations aforesaid or be concurrent or complementary to those.
The functions of coordination will not affect in any case the autonomy of the local entities.
The township is the basic local entity of the territorial organization of the State. It has legal personality and full capacity for the compliance of its purposes.
The territory, population, and organization are elements of the township.